Eco tourism initiatives in Kerala- a study with special reference to Thekkady

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Eco tourism is a travel experience, first and foremost that helps travellers come to better understanding of unique natural and cultural environments around the world. It was first introduced in the 1980’s and was developed as a creative strategy for conservation. Planners and developers are quickly finding that ecotourism can provide an economic rationale for natural resource conservation and wildlife protection policies. But if it is not properly planned it can result in the destruction of the natural environment. So this study makes an attempt to understand the importance of ecotourism development for the sustainable tourism development and also tries to understand the steps taken by Kerala government at Thekkady for the development of Ecotourism. The study used random sampling methodology and primary data was collected from 100 respondents from Thekkady. The study found that many nature friendly activities are practiced in Thekkady with the active participation of the resident community at the destination. The study detail explains the various activities promoted in Thekkady. The study found that the residents at the destination provides high level of support for the tourism activities.

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Business intelligence applications using trajectory data generated from company’s web access logs

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Business Intelligence and Analytics play a key role in both operational and strategic decision -making in a company. But most analysts and researchers would agree that the quality of this decision-making is hampered by the freshness and availability of data to populate it. Web servers record and accumulate data about user interactions whenever requests for resources are received. Analyzing the Web access logs can help in understanding the user behavior in buying pattern. From the business and applications point of view, knowledge obtained from the web usage patterns could be directly applied to efficiently manage activities related to e-business, e-services and e-education. Accurate web usage information could help to attract new customers, retain current customers, improve cross marketing/sales, effectiveness of promotional campaigns, tracking leaving customers etc. This paper proposes a novel similarity algorithm (WEBTRASIM) for web user session trajectories based on URL’s of interest (UOI) and Time of Interest (TOI), which can be used in personalization, system improvement, site modification, business intelligence, usage characterization and so forth. Experimental evaluation using web access log of a Company’s web server also supports the validity of the findings. Continue reading

Challenges for mother tounge based language of instruction: the case of Shinasa ethinic group in Ethiopia

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The objective of this study was to examine the challenges in the implementation of Shinashigna the mother tongue of shinasa community as medium of instruction in primary schools of Metekel Zone and to come up with possible solution to mitigate the challenges. Descriptive survey method was used. The study was conducted in five primary schools of four woredas in Metekel zone where Shinashigna is used as a medium of instruction. All education experts (28) from Woreda and zone, WEO (4) and ZEO heads (8), principals (5) and vice principals (5) and teachers (30) in each sampled schools were included in the study. Quantitative data were collected using five point Likert Type Scale and qualitative data using structured interview. Mean, SD and Independent t-test were used for data analysis and discussion. Interview data were narrated and triangulated with the quantitative analysis and results were arrived. Lack of instructional material resources, lack of participation of teachers in planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluating the medium of instruction, lack of budget, lack of attention from planning bodies, absence of proper planning, absence of training need assessment, and priorities for national language and international language over local language were some challenges for implementation of shinashigna as language of instruction in primary schools of Metekel zone. One of the main recommendations is to establish a separate department for the implementation, training, material distribution and monitoring of MTE (Mother Tongue Based Education) at Zonal level. Continue reading

The learning station: an effective inclusive differentiating pedagogical mechanism for improving academic achievement among upper primary inclusive class pupils with and without learning disabilities

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The success of inclusion lies in the hands of the classroom teacher who must plan for the success of diverse learners. The present study, aims to investigate the effectiveness of Differentiating Instruction based on Learning Stations/Centers in improving the Academic Achievement of Upper Primary Pupils with and without Learning Disabilities in an Inclusive set up. Differentiation of instruction becomes a key strategy for achieving new roles and relationships in the classroom. It may be conceptualized as a teacher’s response to the diverse learning needs of a student.  In the present context, the Investigator adopted Learning Stations/Centers as a Differentiating Pedagogical mechanism with a view to differentiating instruction so that students may rotate each station and try each activity  or students may be assigned to specific stations to meet specific needs. The study is Experimental in nature. It was conducted on a total sample of 234 students from three schools and the design of the study was per-test—post-test non-equivalent group design. Suitable tools and statistical techniques were employed. The study exposed that the experimental group showed improvement in Academic Achievement. The study also showed that the Pupils with Learning Disabilities in the class showed enhancement in the Academic Achievement, which reveals that the Differentiating Instruction based on Learning Stations/Centers is advantageous for disabled categories as well as for non-disabled pupils. Continue reading

Crisis of handloom units in South India: an empirical study on the problems and challenges

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The study made an attempt to identify the major problems and challenges related with production, and marketing of the handloom industrial units in South India.  The analysis on the problems experienced by the handloom units helps in the identification of the specific needs of this sector, as well as orient research and policy initiatives in a more focused manner. The findings of the study along with the data already available on the handloom sector may boost the development of appropriate institutional structures that support and strengthen the industry. The challenges on engaging with these perspectives are utmost important for the development of the handloom sector. The study based on the primary data collected from the handloom industrial units in South India.  The primary data were collected from 440 sample units through structured interview schedule. Continue reading

Self-concept in relation to parent- child relationship of visually impaired students

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Global estimate of WHO reveals that in 2002 more than 161 million people were visually impaired, of whom 124 million people had low vision and 37 million were blind. As per NSSO Report (2002), disabled persons constitute about 2 per cent of the total population in our country. Out of every 1, 00,000 persons, about 269 (240 for male and 301 for female) was visually disabled. Among them, 72 per cent were blind and rest 28 per cent had low vision.

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Satisfaction and problems of special teachers in teaching children with autism, mental retardation and multiple disabilities

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This study investigated the level of satisfaction and level of problems of special teachers in teaching children with autism, mental retardation and multiple disabilities. The sample is composed of 651 special teachers working in different special schools of Kerala State. Method of random sampling is employed for the selection of the sample. The tools used for collecting data are inventories for identifying level of problems, and satisfaction of special teachers. The data collected were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis. The results shown that Special teachers were found to have only moderate level satisfaction in teaching children with autism, mental retardation and multiple disabilities (48.85% of teachers reported moderate satisfaction and 29.19% expressed only low satisfaction) .The problems of special teachers in teaching children with autism, mental retardation and multiple disabilities were of mostly high and moderate level (46.85% of teachers reported high and 43.93% expressed moderate problems). Results are interpreted accordingly. Implications are discussed in detail. Continue reading

Socio demographic determinants of nutritional status of preschool children in Kerala

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Healthy and nutritionally adequate diet is a basic human right and an essential condition for sustainable development, especially in developing countries. Malnutrition is a major public problem, very often neglected, and when neglected may leads to serious consequences. Malnutrition is common in poverty as in wealth, one for the lack of food, the other for the lack of knowledge of food.  The world health organization (WHO) has reported hunger and related malnutrition as the greatest single threat to the world’s public health. In the present study, an attempt was made to find out the nutritional status of preschool children in between 4-6 years of age group and the role of socio demographic determinant in child nutrition.

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Cloud Computing Interface with Service Oriented Audio accepted By-Connections

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Cloud Computing presents a new approach to allow the development of dynamic, distributed and highly scalable software. For this purpose, Cloud Computing offers services, software and computing infrastructure independently through the network. To achieve a system that supports these characteristics, Service-Oriented Architectures (SOA) which provides tools for developing distributed systems that can be used for the stablishment of Cloud Computing environments. This paper presents a CISAB (Cloud Computing Interface with Service Oriented Audio accepted By-Connections) architecture set on top of the platforms and frameworks by adding new layers for integrating a SOA and Cloud Computing approach and facilitating the distribution and management of functionalities. CISAM has been applied to the real case study consisting of the analysis of
microarray data and has allowed the efficient management of the allocation of resources to the different system agents. Continue reading