Global estimate of WHO reveals that in 2002 more than 161 million people were visually impaired, of whom 124 million people had low vision and 37 million were blind. As per NSSO Report (2002), disabled persons constitute about 2 per cent of the total population in our country. Out of every 1, 00,000 persons, about 269 (240 for male and 301 for female) was visually disabled. Among them, 72 per cent were blind and rest 28 per cent had low vision.
Objectives: To study the the self-concept in relation to parent-child relationship of students with visual impairment.
Descriptive survey method was used for this study as the appropriate research design. Random sampling procedure was used for the selection of sample of 40 students with visual impairment. Parent child relationship scale (PCRS) and Children’s self-concept scale (CSCS) was used for assessment of the major variables of study.
The study reveals that the self-concept of visually impaired students is average. Both father-child relationship and mother-child relationship of visually impaired students is found to be average.
Self-concept of visually impaired students and Parent-child relationship were studied and found to be coming under average level in this study conducted in Kerala. Meantime studies conducted in students of normal population show better status in these variables. Lack of serious efforts to realize the uniqueness in parenting exceptional children and not considering it a responsible task by many parents definitely creates this gap. Proper training and awareness programs if not provided timely for parents, teachers and caregivers regarding care of exceptional children will widen the problem.
Center for Speech & Hearing Impairment
School of Behavioural Sciences
Mahatma Gandhi University
Department of Community Medicine,MCOMS