As an international, multi-disciplinary, peer-refereed journal, Learning and Instruction provides a platform for the publication of the most advanced scientific research in the areas of learning, development and instruction. The journal welcomes original empirical investigations. The papers may represent various methodological approaches. The major criteria in the review and the selection process concern the significance of the contribution to the area of learning and instruction.
Contact details for submission: Authors are requested to submit the paper to firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com. Authors are requested to submit the text, tables, and artwork in electronic form to this address. Authors who are unable to provide an electronic version or have other circumstances that prevent online submission must contact the Editor prior to submission to discuss alternative options; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Publisher and Editor regret that they are not able to consider submissions that do not follow these procedures. Submission declaration Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.
Submission declaration: Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English.
Contributors: All authors must have materially participated in the research and/or article preparation. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and included in the disclosure.
The article must be composed in English and all references should be spelled out in order.
The manuscript typed in a single column and double space document template using MS-word.
Use only Times New Roman font type with a font size of 12 in all sections of the article.
Lines should be no thinner than 0.5 pt.
Lettering and lines should be of uniform density.
Number in all pages consecutively and place in right corner position at the top of the page.
Include line number to the entire manuscript with title to facilitate the technical review process.
The length of the manuscript should not exceed 35 printed pages using the settings.
Ensure that micrographs have professional quality scale markers and other images and figures are of high resolution/quality.
General order of the Manuscript: (a) Title (b) Authors & Affiliation (c) Abstract (d) Keywords (e) Main text (f) Figures and Tables (g) Acknowledgement and (h) References.
Title: Titles should clearly and concisely reflect the emphasis and content of the paper. Titles are of great importance for current awareness and information retrieval and should be carefully constructed for these purposes.
Author List: Bylines should include all those who have made substantial contributions to the work. To facilitate indexing and retrieval and for unique identification of an author, first initials, second names, and surnames (e.g., J. Robert Smith) should be used. At least one author must be designated with an asterisk as the author to whom correspondence should be addressed. Corresponding authors are encouraged to supply phone numbers, fax numbers, and e-mail addresses in the manuscript for publication.
Abstract: All Letters must contain an abstract, not exceeding 3,500 characters, which should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions.
Keywords: Authors are required to include four to six keywords placed after the abstract.
Main Text: The authors should provide an adequate background of the study stating the importance and the novelty of the research. Section headings such as. introduction, experimental, Results and discussion and Conclusion, etc. should be used. In experimental section should provide details of the materials used and their source and including the instrument/equipment used.
Figures: Please make sure that figure files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or PEG), EPS (or PDF), or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then Mahatma Gandhi University will ensure, at additional charge which these figures will appear in color online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Mahatma Gandhi University after receipt of your accepted article. Please indicate your preference for color: in print or online only. For further information on the preparation of electronic artwork, please see http://www
Figure captions: Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
Tables: Submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.
Abbreviations: Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the firstpage of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
Acknowledgements: Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).
Footnotes: Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article. Many word processors can build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Otherwise, please indicate the position of footnotes in the text and list the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the reference list.
References: All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the manuscript. In the text refer to references by a number in square brackets on the line (e.g. ) and full references should be given in a numerical list at the end of the paper. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal.
J. Van der Geer, J. A. J. Hanraads and R. A. Lupton, Journal of Scientific Communications, 163 (2010) 51-59.