Global estimate of WHO reveals that in 2002 more than 161 million people were visually impaired, of whom 124 million people had low vision and 37 million were blind. As per NSSO Report (2002), disabled persons constitute about 2 per cent of the total population in our country. Out of every 1, 00,000 persons, about 269 (240 for male and 301 for female) was visually disabled. Among them, 72 per cent were blind and rest 28 per cent had low vision.
This study investigated the level of satisfaction and level of problems of special teachers in teaching children with autism, mental retardation and multiple disabilities. The sample is composed of 651 special teachers working in different special schools of Kerala State. Method of random sampling is employed for the selection of the sample. The tools used for collecting data are inventories for identifying level of problems, and satisfaction of special teachers. The data collected were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis. The results shown that Special teachers were found to have only moderate level satisfaction in teaching children with autism, mental retardation and multiple disabilities (48.85% of teachers reported moderate satisfaction and 29.19% expressed only low satisfaction) .The problems of special teachers in teaching children with autism, mental retardation and multiple disabilities were of mostly high and moderate level (46.85% of teachers reported high and 43.93% expressed moderate problems). Results are interpreted accordingly. Implications are discussed in detail. Continue reading
Healthy and nutritionally adequate diet is a basic human right and an essential condition for sustainable development, especially in developing countries. Malnutrition is a major public problem, very often neglected, and when neglected may leads to serious consequences. Malnutrition is common in poverty as in wealth, one for the lack of food, the other for the lack of knowledge of food. The world health organization (WHO) has reported hunger and related malnutrition as the greatest single threat to the world’s public health. In the present study, an attempt was made to find out the nutritional status of preschool children in between 4-6 years of age group and the role of socio demographic determinant in child nutrition.